On 7 July 2008, San Marino and Borgo Maggiore Historic Centers and Mount Titano were inscribed on the World Heritage List.
UNESCO described San Marino as “one of the world’s oldest republics and the only surviving Italian city-state, representing an important stage in the development of democratic models worldwide. The tangible expressions of this long continuity as the capital of its Republic, its unchanged geo-political context and juridical and institutional functions, is found in the strategic position of the top of Mount Titano, the historic urban layout, urban spaces and many public monuments. The defensive walls and the historic center have undergone changes over time that include intensive restoration and reconstruction between the end of 19th century and the first decades of the 20th century, a process which can be considered to be part of the history of the property and reflects changing approaches to conservation and presentation of heritage over time.
San Marino and Mount Titano are exceptional testimony of the establishment of a representative democracy based on civic autonomy and self-governance, with a unique uninterrupted continuity as the capital of an independent republic since the 13th century. San Marino is an exceptional testimony to a living cultural tradition that has persisted over the last seven hundred years“.
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